Author: Dr. Vikas Jasrotia

Thomsons and Rutherfords Atomic Model Thomsons and Rutherfords Atomic Model is about the most important atomic models proposed during the study of the structure of atom. Types of Atomic Species: Isotopes: Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a different mass number. For example, isotopes of Hydrogen are 11H, 12H, 13H. Isobars: Atoms of different elements having the same mass number but a different atomic number, e.g., 1840Ar, 1940K, 20Ca40 Isotones: Atoms of different elements which contain the same number of neutrons. e.g., 614C, 715N, 816 Isoelectronic Species: Atoms or ions containing the same number…

Read More

IS MATTER AROUND US PURE The post IS MATTER AROUND US PURE contains questions about the chapter. Smoke and fog both are aerosols. In what way are they different? Why do we call sugar a pure substance? What are saturated and unsaturated solutions? Define a solution What is a suspension? Give its example and Define the concentration of a What is the Tyndall effect? What is the difference between True solutions and colloids? What are alloys? Why are alloys called a mixture? Write the characteristics of Define solute and What is solubility? Give properties of a true solution. Explain why particles…

Read More

The Discovery of Subatomic Particles This post The Discovery of Subatomic Particles and Atomic Models is all about the subatomic particles their discoveries along with their charges. STRUCTURE OF ATOM Structure of Atom The term atom was introduced by Dalton and is defined as the smallest particle of an element that retains all its properties and identity during a chemical reaction.   SUB – ATOMIC PARTICLE Discovery of Electron Electron was discovered by J J Thomson by Cathode ray discharge tube experiment. A cathode-ray tube is made of glass containing two thin pieces of metal (called electrodes) sealed in…

Read More

Solved MCQs States of Matter All questions of Solved MCQs States of Matter are asked in various competitive examinations. Q1. A sample of gas occupies 100 mL at 27 0C and 740 mm pressure. When its volume is changed to 80 mL at 740 mm pressure, the temperature of the gas will be (a) 21.6 0C                               (b) 240 0C (c) – 33 0C                               (d) 89.5 0C Ans 1. (c) – 33 0C Since, Pressure is same According to Charles law V1/T1 = V2/T2 (T1 = 27 + 273 = 300 K) 100/300 = 80/T2 T2 = 240 K…

Read More

MCQs Haloalkanes and Haloarenes MCQs Haloalkanes and Haloarenes is all about multiple choice questions of Haloalkanes and haloarenes Q 1. The order of reactivity of following alcohols with halogen acids is ___________. (A) CH3CH2 —CH2—OH (i) (A) > (B) > (C) (ii) (C) > (B) > (A) (iii) (B) > (A) > (C) (iv) (A) > (C) > (B) Ans. (ii)  Explanation: Greater the stability of carbocation, the greater will be its ease of formation from an alkyl halide and faster will be the rate of reaction. In the case of alkyl halides, 30 alkyl halides undergo SNI reaction very…

Read More

Assignment Matter In Our Surroundings Assignment Matter In Our Surroundings This post Assignment Matter In Our Surroundings is about various solved questions of the chapter Matter In Our Surroundings. Question 1. Explain why? i. A gas fills a vessel completely. ii. Camphor disappears without leaving any residue. iii. The temperature does not rise during the process of melting and boiling; through heat energy is constantly supplied. iv. Water stored in an earthen vessel becomes cool. v. An iron almirah is a solid at room temperature. Solution1. i). Because the molecules of the gas move freely so it occupies the whole space the vessel ii) Camphor…

Read More

Nucleophilic Substitution and Mechanism of Haloalkanes The Post Nucleophilic Substitution and Mechanism of Haloalkanes is all about various nucleophilic substitution reactions of haloalkanes along with the followed mechanisms. Chemical Reactions of Haloalkanes: Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions: Due to the presence of a positive charge on the carbon atom it can be easily attacked by nucleophiles to give nucleophilic substitution reactions as well as elimination and reduction reactions. 1). Reaction with aqueous alkali: Haloalkanes react with aq. NaOH or KOH to form alcohols. R-X + KOH(aq) → R-OH + KX CH3-CH2-Br + KOH(aq) → CH3-CH2-OH + KBr  2). Reaction with water: Haloalkanes react…

Read More

Acids Bases and Salts Important Questions Acids Bases and Salts Important Questions contains remaining questions of the chapter: Que 21. Compounds such as alcohol and glucose also contain hydrogen but are not categorized as acids. Describe an activity to prove it. Que 22. Why does distilled water not conduct electricity, whereas rainwater does? Que 23. Why do acids not show acidic behavior in the absence of water? Que 24. Equal lengths of magnesium ribbons are taken in test tubes A and B. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is added to test tube A, while acetic acid (CH3COOH) is added to test tube…

Read More

Name Reactions & Physical Properties Haloalkanes Name reactions & Physical Properties Haloalkanes 1). Halogen Exchange: (a). Finkelstein reaction: Alkyl chlorides or bromides when treated with NaI in dry acetone, alkyl iodides are formed. This reaction is known as the Finkelstein reaction. R-X + NaI →   R-I + NaX                (where X = Cl, Br) CH3CH2Cl + NaI  →  CH3CH2I + NaCl (b). Swarts reaction: This method is used for the preparation of alkyl fluorides. Here alkyl chloride or bromide is treated with a metallic fluoride like AgF, Hg2F2, CoF2 or SbF3, to get alkyl fluoride. R-X + AgF  →  R-F +…

Read More

Acids Bases Salts Solved Questions All important questions are included in Acids Bases Salts Solved Questions. Que1. Define the terms: Acid, alkali and salt. Ans 1: An acid is a compound, which releases hydronium ions (H3O+) as the only positive ions in solution. An alkali is a compound, which releases hydroxyl ions (OH-) as the only negative ions in solution. A salt is one of the products of neutralization between an acid and a base; water being the only other product. OR A salt gives positive ions other than H+ ion and negative ions other than OH- ion in solution.…

Read More